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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Epidemiology and outcome of burn injuries- A prospective study


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Author Details: Jitendra Tomar, Pradeep Kumar Mishra, Mandar R. Sane, Divyesh Saxena, Abhishek Varun

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 59

Article End Page : 63


Abstract

Burns are injuries produced by application of dry heat such as flame, radiant heat or some heated solid substance like metal or glass to the body. Local injury to the body by heat may result from dry heat, application of hot bodies, licking by flames resulting in simple burns, moist heat leading to scalds, corrosive poisons resulting in corrosive burns. This was a prospective study carried out at Sri Aurobindo Medical College and Post Graduate Institute, Indore during March 2014 to June 2015 involving all cases admitted in burn ward and post mortem examination done in Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. A total number of 120 cases were taken which included 88 patients who died and a detailed post mortem examination was done. Females outnumbered males as there were 66 (55.0%) females and 54 (45.0%) males. Maximum incidence was in the young adults between the age group of 21-40 years, comprising of 89 (74.17%) cases. Dowry deaths, curse to our so-called modern society are still prevalent, in spite of stringent laws and amendments in the acts. Accidental burn injuries can be reduced by bringing about regulations to develop safer cooking appliances, promoting less inflammable fabrics to be worn at home and educating the community especially women.

Keywords:
Burn, Autopsy, Inquest, Accidental, Homicidal Burn, Housewives