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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


The study of cardiac arrhythmias in asthmatic patients referring to Amir-al-Momenin Hospital of Zabol, 2013


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Author Details: Zohreh Mahmoodi, Mohamad Reza Havasian, Morteza Salarzaei

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 111

Article End Page : 114


Abstract

Asthma is one of the most common diseases, and it is one of the main factors behind physical disabilities as well as high economic costs. The present research aims at studying the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias in asthmatic patients of Amir-al-Momenin Hospital of Zabol in 2013. In this cross-sectional, descriptive study, as many as 200 asthmatic patients were studied; the participants’ minimum age was 15, maximum was 80, and they had no history of heart diseases. The information and data related to the participants of the present study were collected through using standard questionnaires. Spirometry and electrocardiogram was taken from the patients, and the arterial blood oxygen was measured through using pulse oximetry. The data were analyzed through using SPSS 18. The present study indicated that from among the 200 asthmatic patients studied, 19 patients suffered from cardiac arrhythmia. Among these 19 patients, seven patients had sinus tachycardia, 8 patients had PVC, 1 patient had MAT, and 3 patients had Rbbb. With respect to the drugs taken, cardiac arrhythmia was more common among patients who used beta-agonists together with anticholinergic, glucocorticoids, and theophylline’s. The findings of the present study indicated that the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmia was relatively high among the asthmatic patients. The present study indicated that due consideration must be given to asthma and the attempts toward early cardiac arrhythmias diagnosis through taking electrocardiogram in periodic examinations and giving the patients awareness about the symptoms of arrhythmia so that early diagnosis of arrhythmia in asthmatic patients is made.

Keywords:
Cardiac Arrhythmias, Asthmatic Patients, Zabol, Iran