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IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine


A study of prevalence and frequency of respiratory illness in hospitalized children in North West part of Rajasthan


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Author Details: Niranjan Nagaraj, Ramesh Subramanian, Pramod Kumar Berwal, Renu Agrawal, Santosh Solaria, Tara Chand

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4222

Print ISSN : 2581-4214

Article First Page : 5

Article End Page : 8


Abstract

Background: Respiratory diseases remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. This study aims to determine the prevalence and spectrum of respiratory illness in children. This study conducted at paediatric hospital Bikaner from July 2015 to December 2015. Data from case files of children with respiratory diseases admitted to Paediatric hospital Bikaner over a six month period were extracted and total number of inpatients data extracted from hospital register book. Prevalence of respiratory diseases was 18.1%. Most of the respiratory illness affected during winter season. Most common age group affected were belongs to less than 6 months (25.4%) followed by 1-2 years (22.9%). The most common respiratory illness was acute bronchiolitis (33%) followed by Pneumonia (25.3%) and Asthma (16.3%). In developing countries Respiratory tract illness contribute to most common cause of < 5 mortality in children. Our study concludes Developing countries need better health policy to control respiratory tract illness in children.

Keywords:
Respiratory tract illness, Acute Bronchiolitis, Pneumonia, Under 5 Mortality, Antibiotics, Bikaner