Volume : 2
Issue : 3
Online ISSN : 2581-4222
Print ISSN : 2581-4214
Article First Page : 69
Article End Page : 72
Introduction: COPD patients and metabolic syndrome often coexist which leads to increased risk for cardiovascular events. Aim of this study was to find the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in COPD patients and its association with severity of disease.
Materials and Method: We conducted this study At Sri Siddhartha Medical College; Tumakuru in Pulmonology OPD. It is a cross sectional study carried out on 129 diagnosed COPD patients comparing with control group. COPD cases are diagnosed based on GOLD criteria. All diagnosed patients were evaluated for presence of metabolic syndrome based on NCEP ATP III criteria and compared with severity of disease. Statistical analysis used: unpaired t-test and Fisher exact test. A p-value of <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Among COPD patients 61(47.28%) patients were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome in comparison to control group 18(17.47%). We also noticed high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Grade II COPD (64.28%) patients.
Conclusions: Our study concluded that prevalence of metabolic syndrome is more common in COPD patients and more prevalent in Grade II COPD subsets. Early recognition of metabolic syndrome in COPD patients and early intervention can prevent the mortality and morbidity related to cardiovascular complications.
Keywords: COPD; GOLD - Global initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease; Metabolic syndrome