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IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine


Bronchiectasis: A neglected entity in the modern world- An evaluation of 102 cases


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Author Details: Chetan Basavaraj Patil*,Varna Indushekar

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4222

Print ISSN : 2581-4214

Article First Page : 11

Article End Page : 14


Abstract

Background: Bronchiectasis is one of the commonest diseases routinely encountered in day to day practice which leads to significant morbidity, mortality and lowered quality of life in the affected individuals. The clinical course of this disease is usually progressive and causes lung damage over many years. In this research study, we analysed its presentation, etiology, diagnosis and indications for surgery.
Methodology: It’s a prospective and non randamised study, conducted in 102 patients during the time period November 2016 to December 2018 at a tertiary care referral hospital. All the patients in study group were enrolled and analysed for age, sex, probable etiological factors, presenting symptomatology & radiological findings.
Results: The mean age of presentation to the hospital was 33+20.8 years with male to female ratio of 4:5. The most common presenting complaints were cough (100%) followed by expectoration (91.1%) and breathlessness (53.9%). Commonest causes for bronchiectasis in the study included tuberculosis in 56.8% of cases followed by Post infections in 17.6% patients.
Conclusions: Bronchiectasis is a process that occurs in the context to chronic airway infection and inflammation, since there is no accurate estimation of the etiology of the disease in developing countries; this study aimed to determine them especially in coastal part of India. Surgical treatment should be offered in patients with failed medical management.

Keywords: Bronchiectasis; Tuberculosis; Pneumonia.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2581-4222.2019.0004