IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Evaluation of Malaria Surveillance System in Hooghly district of West Bengal - India


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Author Details: Dan Amitabha, Kunal Kanti De, Pasi A R, Jalaluddeen M, Roy Bibhash

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4761

Print ISSN : 2581-4753

Article First Page : 5

Article End Page : 9


Abstract

Background: Malaria is endemic in 109 countries worldwide leading to approximately 1 million deaths. In 2009, West Bengal reported 89443 malaria cases including 24453 falciparum malaria. Hooghly district had ABER in the range of 3.9% to 6.4% in the last 5 years.
Objectives: Present study was conducted to describe the performances of different components of ‘Early diagnosis and treatment’ arm of National Anti-malaria Programme in terms of input, process and output and outcome.
Material and Methods: Present study was conducted in Hooghly district of West Bengal. Data was collected from 190 households by using cluster sampling. Medical officers, laboratory technicians and health workers were interviewed and records were reviewed. Data was analyzed by using Epi Info.
Results: out of 15 Medical Officers 66.6% were trained in malaria. Overall API of Pandua block was 0.149/1000 population, ABER was 8.8% and PF was17.4percent.
Conclusions: Inadequate manpower for the implementation of the programme. Private healthcare facilities not reporting malaria cases to block.
Recommendations: Reorientation training program on malaria for all the doctors and health workers. RDK usage in the field areas by the ANM has to be promoted. Laboratory services are to be revamped to increase the timeliness of blood slide examination.

Key words:
ABER, Cluster sampling, Malaria Surveillance, Programme Evaluation, RDK