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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Prevalence of Klebsiella in urinary tract infection among pregnant women from South India


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Author Details: Nawaz Umar, Bilal Ahmad Mir

Volume : 2

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2581-4761

Print ISSN : 2581-4753

Article First Page : 99

Article End Page : 102


Abstract

Introduction: One of the frequently seen complications in pregnancy is urinary tract infection. Other complications like acute and chronic pyelonephritis, hypertension, intrauterine growth retardation occur due to UTI. Early detection and treatment of bacteria helps in the prevention of chronic urinary disease in the community and to avoid complications in pregnancy at an early stage.  In view of the above an attempt was made to isolate and identify the Klebsiella pathogens from urine in suspected cases of UTI in pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: A total of 500 samples were investigated. The samples were collected from women attending the antenatal clinic at the Khaja Banda Nawaz Hospital, Gulbarga. A proforma was used to collect the data from the subjects of varying ages from 18 to 40 years, from varying gravida and all three trimesters were included. Sterilized urine container was used to collect urine with all aseptic precautions.  Macroscopic and microscopic examination was done. Culture and biochemical reactions were done and the strains were isolated and identified.
Results: 52 women were found to be suffering from UTI, giving a prevalence rate of 10.4% (52/500). The incidence of organisms isolated in bacteriuric cases showed Klebsiella as the major isolate constituting 25%.
Conclusion: Urinary tract infection the most commonly seen complication in pregnancy. Both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria were isolated. Klebsiella organism was isolated more commonly than other organisms in UTI in pregnant women.

Keywords:
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Bacteriuria, Gram positive cocci (GPC), Gram negative bacilli (GNB)