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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Antibiotic resistance pattern of urinary isolates in a Rural Medical College of Maharashtra


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Author Details: Sanjaykumar More, Sourabh Chakraborty, Sandeep L. Nilekar, Deepali M. Kulkarni, Rajesh S. Ovhal

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2581-4761

Print ISSN : 2581-4753

Article First Page : 79

Article End Page : 82


Abstract

Objective: To determine resistance pattern of urinary isolates in a rural medical college of Maharashtra.
Methods: Urine samples were collected using midstream clean catch method in clinically diagnosed UTI cases from august 2016 to February 2017. A total of 320 samples were analyzed under supervision of qualified microbiologist. Antibiotic sensitivity of isolated microorganisms were tested for commonly used antibiotics by Kirby bauer technique.
Results: Out of 320 samples 200 were positive. The pathogens isolated were E.coli 60 (30%), Pseudomonas 45 (22.5%), Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus 35 (17.5%) & Klebsiella 30 (15%). E.coli being the most common isolate. The isolates showed high degree resistance for Amoxycillin & Cotrimoxazole.
Conclusion: 62.5% of samples showed significant growth. Moderate yield suggest moderate clinical correlations in suspected cases of UTI. E.coli showed low level resistance to Nitrofurantoin (1.67%), Amikacin (3.34%), Norfloxacin (13.3%) & high degree resistance to Cotrimoxazole (63.34%), Piperacillin + Tazobactam (50%), fluoroquinolones (27.04%). It’s very clear from the study E.coli is the MOC infecting uropathogen & developing resistance against the commonly used antibiotics.

Keywords
: Uropathogens, Antibiotic resistance, Urinary tract infections

Doi No:-10.18231