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IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology


Epidemiological Profile, Outcome Analysis and PRISM III Score of Patients Admitted in PICU at Bal Chikitsalaya, M.B Hospital, R.N.T. Medical College, Udaipur


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Author Details: Suresh Goyal, Anuj Dhyani

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4702

Print ISSN : 2581-4699

Article First Page : 1

Article End Page : 5


Abstract

Introduction: Epidemiology is defined as study of the distribution and determinants of health related states or events in specified populations, and application of this study to the control of health problems. The process of care varies in different ICU’s, and this could affect final outcome. This study was conducted to know epidemiological profile and outcome of patients admitted at RNT Medical College, Udaipur.
Result: A total of 380 children were enrolled. There were 14.8% deaths in our study. Mortality rate was found to be slightly higher in males than females, although this was not statistically significant. 32.9% of admitted children had severe (grade 3 and 4) malnutrition and 22.37% had grade 2 malnutrition. Vaccine preventable diseases such as Diphtheria and Tetanus contributed to mortality indicating vaccine coverage in rural parts of Rajasthan. Pyogenic Meningitis is found to be the single most important cause of mortality. Area under ROC curve was 0.895, indicating good caliberation for the population. However, it was found that though PRISM score was accurate in predicting mortality of study population, it could not be used for predicting mortality of the given subject as primary organ system involved was found to affect final outcome.

Keywords: Pediatric ICU, PRISM III score, epidemiological profile, outcome analysis, predictors of mortality