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IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology


Spectrum of co-morbidities in severe acute malnutrition with unexpected dyselectrolytemia in diarrhea


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Author Details: Hari S. Meshram, S. Manazir Ali, T. Shehab

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4702

Print ISSN : 2581-4699

Article First Page : 6

Article End Page : 9


Abstract

Background: Co-morbidities are the reason behind high morbidity and mortality in SAM children. There is lack of literature regarding co morbidity pattern in SAM children.
Objective: To study the co morbidities in severe acute malnourishment children admitted in NRC.
Methods: SAM was diagnosed as per WHO protocol. Total of 299 SAM children were included. Co-morbidities were identified and were investigated further and managed accordingly.
Results: 90% SAM children had anaemia.61% had diarrhea and 30% had pneumonia, Vitamin D deficiency features were found in 30% cases. 10% had UTI & 10% Otitis Media. Tuberculosis was diagnosed in 13% of cases. Celiac disease, Hypothyroidism and HIV were not found to be major co morbid conditions.
Conclusions: Co-morbidities identification and treatment in SAM children is key step in reducing morbidity and mortality associated with SAM.

Keywords:
Co-morbidities, NRC, Severe Acute Malnutrition, Hypothyroidism, Celiac disease, Diarrhea, HIV