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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Comparative Study of Dry Cord Care Versus Application of 4% Chlorhexidine on Umbilical Cord in Newborns


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Author Details: Irfan, Farooq, Subhannaya K

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 11

Article End Page : 13


Abstract

Introduction: In developing countries, umbilical cord infections constitute a major source of neonatal morbidity and pose significant risk for mortality.
Methods: Prospective analytical study was conducted at KVG Medical College and Hospital, Sullia with an objective to study the aerobic bacteriological profile of umbilical cord in newborn and their characterization and to compare two umbilical cord care regimens, that is, dry cord care, and 4% chlorhexidine for their impact on colonization and infection. 50 cases, each in category of dry cord care and 4% chlorhexidine application on umbilical cord were studied.
Results: The study showed that 4% chlorhexidine application to the umbilical cord though appeared to reduce colonization with S.aureus, fail to inhibit it completely.
Conclusion: Antimicrobial application may enhance colonization with more dangerous multidrug resistant staphylococci (MRSA and MR-CONS). 4% chlorhexidine appeared to be superior to dry cord care in preventing clinical manifestation in infants.

Keywords
: 4% chlorhexidine, Dry cord care, Newborns, Infant mortality