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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Comparative Study of Dry Cord Care versus Application of 5% Povidone-Iodine on Umbilical Cord in Newborns


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Author Details: Irfan, Farooq, Subhannaya K

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 14

Article End Page : 16


Abstract

Introduction: Infections are the most important cause of infant mortality, of which, umbilical cord infections are an important precursor. In developing countries, umbilical cord infections constitute a major source of neonatal morbidity and pose significant risk for mortality.
Methods: Prospective analytical study was conducted at KVG Medical College and Hospital, Sullia with an objective to study the aerobic bacteriological profile of umbilical cord in new born and their characterization and to compare two umbilical cord care regimens, that is, dry cord care, and 5% povidone iodine for their impact on colonization and infection. 50 cases, each in category of dry cord care and 5% povidone iodine application on umbilical cord were studied.
Results: The study showed that 5% povidone iodine application to the umbilical cord though appeared to reduce colonization with S. aureus, fail to inhibit it completely.
Conclusion: Antimicrobial application may enhance colonization with more dangerous multidrug resistant staphylococci (MRSA and MR-CONS). 5% povidone-iodine appeared to be inferior to dry cord care in preventing clinical manifestation in infants.

Keywords
: 5% povidone iodine, Dry cord care, Newborns, Infant mortality