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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


‚ÄúComparative evaluation of Sexually Transmitted and Non Sexually Transmitted, Reproductive tract infection at tertiary care centre in western Rajasthan, India‚ÄĚ


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Author Details: Priyanka Soni, Smita Kulsrestha, R.S. Parihar, P.K. Khatri

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 107

Article End Page : 112


Abstract

Introduction: Reproductive Tract infections among women of reproductive age group {including both sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) & Non STI} are responsible for major ill health and have important concern as these are associated with risk of HIV Transmission & complications like Pelvic inflammatory Disease (PID), Infertility etc. This study was conducted to determine prevalence of microorganism & their antibiogram & their association with socio demographic profile & menstrual hygiene.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study included 200 women with discharge of 15-44 year age. Detail history was taken about their socio demographic data, Symptoms & menstrual hygiene; vaginal or endo cervical swab & blood sample (for serological diagnosis of syphilis) were collected.
Results: Among STI most common infection is Candidiasis (45.6%) & Bacterial Vaginosis (27.8%) whereas among Non STI Esch. coli (27.3%) & Staph. aureus (26.4%). Among STI most common symptom was lower abdominal Pain & Lower backache whereas in Non-STI Vulvular itching & fever.  Both STI & Non STI shows statically significant positive association with Labourer population & who uses cloth during their menstrual period whereas STI also shows statically significant positive association with younger, lower education & lower socio economic status population. Staph. aureus highly sensitive to linezolid, vancomycin whereas Esch.coli was most common gram negative bacteria & highly sensitive to imipenem & piperacillin-tazobactum.
Conclusions: To conclude, by proper assessment of Prevalence & risk factor of STI and Non STI & by health education, we can reduce these infection & antibiotic resistance by prudent use of antibiotics.

Key Words:
Reproductive tract infection, STI, Non-STI