Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare severe disease, often fatal, caused by the Ebola virus. It is transmitted through direct contact with blood or other bodily fluids (e.g. saliva, urine) from infected people, dead or alive. This includes unprotected sexual contact with patients up to seven weeks after they have recovered. Ebola virus does not transmit through the air as influenza does. After two days and up to 21 days following exposure to the virus, disease may start suddenly with fever, muscle aches, weakness, headache and sore throat. The next stage of disease is characterised by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash and failure of the liver and kidneys. Some patients also have heavy internal and external bleeding and multi-organ failure. There is no specific vaccine or treatment for the disease, but World Health Organization and other regulatory partners are currently working to identify potential viable treatments.
Key Words: Virus, Ebola, Diagnosis, Therapy