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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Etiological profile, Clinical features and risk factors of Otomycosis at a tertiary care hospital


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Author Details: MP Saraswathy, Aruna B. Patil, Raj Prakash

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 399

Article End Page : 402


Abstract

Aims and Objectives: Otomycosis is a fungal infection of middle ear with infrequent complications involving middle ear. In an era of modern medicine generous use of antibiotics and advanced management give way to many opportunistic infections. Though otomycosis is a localised infection, it might leads to prolonged morbidity and disability like hearing loss. Hence, this study was aimed to find out aetiology, clinical presentation and various predisposing factors of otomycosis in a tertiary care hospital.
Materials and Method: A descriptive study was carried out in the department of Microbiology and ENT in a tertiary care hospital. About 129 samples were taken from clinically suspected otomycosis patients and cultured for fungal pathogens.
Results and Discussion: About Fifty four percentage (54%) of cases were mycologically confirmed as otomycosis and Aspergillus niger (57%) was the predominant isolate followed by Candida albicans (16%). Ear block and Ear pain were common symptoms in otomycosis. Usage of Ear buds and Ear drops were the common predisposing factors to otomycosis.