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IP Indian Journal of Neurosciences


Task specific focal hand dystonia in professional beedi (Indian Cigarette) maker- A Case Report


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Author Details: Arvind Kankane, Mohd. Asim

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-916X

Print ISSN : 2581-8236

Article First Page : 21

Article End Page : 23


Abstract

Task specific dystonia is specific type of dystonia that appear mainly at the time of specific task performance. There are many types of task specific dystonias described in literature. Here we report a patient with task specific focal hand dystonia associated with highly skilled work of beedi making. Although the precise pathophysiology remains unclear, it is thought that abnormalities within basal ganglia or its connections, decreased inhibition at various levels of sensorimotor systems, abnormal plasticity, and impaired sensorimotor processing are probable mechanisms. Botulinum toxin injection is most effective for treatment of focal dystonia. Other treatment modalities are anticholinergic, dopaminergic, and GAB Aergic medications, surgery, rest and rehabilitation techniques.

Key Words
: Task specific dystonia; Professional Beedi making