Sociodemographic determinants in Alzheimer’s disease - A retrospective study
Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a common cognitive function disorder commonly reported in old ages. Our aim was to understand the sociodemographic factors associated with AD.
Material and Methods:In a retrospective study, we screened database at our private memory clinic to include the adult patients > 45 years of age who were screened with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test for AD. MoCA score of <26>diagnosis of AD.
Results:In 2412 patients included in analysis, 91.9% patients were diagnosed with AD. Overall mean age of the participants was 53.5±6.8 years and 63.2% were males. Among sociodemographic factors, compared to patients without AD, those with AD were younger (p=0.006), females (p<0 p=0.001),>lesser occurrence of AD (p=0.001). No difference by dietary pattern was evident (p=0.976).
Conclusion:In an urban memory clinic setting, AD is observed in young and female patients who have lower level of education and are involved in unskilled occupation. Greater number of family members also predisposes to AD. These findings need further confirmation in a prospective and long duration follow up.
Keywords:Alzheimer’s disease, Sociodemographic, Cognitive dysfunction, India, Memory.