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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


A study of body mass index in pregnancy and its correlation with maternal and perinatal outcome


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Author Details: Omkara Murthy K, Dhananjaya BS, Girish BL, Swathi P

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 359

Article End Page : 363


Abstract

Objective: To study body mass index in pregnant women, to correlate body mass index in pregnancy with obstetrics outcome and to correlate body mass index in pregnancy with perinatal outcome.
Materials and Method: Women attending antenatal OPD for antenatal check up at SSMC, Tumkur from January 2015 to June 2016 will be included after informed written consent. The above were placed in standard BMI categories and their obstetric outcomes and perinatal outcome variables were evaluated.
Results: Increased rate of LSCS was associated with high BMI group 41.67% (n=20) when compared to normal 16.67 % (n=6) p=0.013, Significant. Increased rate of Hypothyroid was associated with high BMI group 12.5 % (n=6) when compared to normal 2.77% (n=1) p=0.109, significant. Increased rate of GDM was associated with high BMI group 20.83%(n=10) when compared to normal 8.34%(n=3)p=0.058, significant. Increased rate of GHTN was associated with high BMI group 20.83% (n=10) when compared to normal 8.34% (n=3) p=0.058, significant. Increased rate of in NICU admission was associated with underweight group 37.5% (n=6) when compared to normal 8.34% (n=3)p=0.000214, significant. Increased rate of anaemia was associated with underweight group 56.25% (n=10) when compared to normal 27.77% (n=10) p=0.04, significant.
Conclusion: Body Mass Index plays a significant role in adverse pregnancy outcome. High BMI is associated with increased incidence of hypothyroid, gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational hypertension, instrumental delivery, caesarean delivery. There is significant association of underweight BMI with anaemia, low birth weight.

Keywords:
BMI, Underweight, Obesity, Maternal outcome, Perinatal outcome