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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Study of prevalence and risk factors associated with carcinoma cervix


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Author Details: Dhuldev S. Thengal, Preeti S. Umate, Dhundiraj Kurdukar

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 376

Article End Page : 380


Abstract

Introduction: As per GLOBCAN 2012, cervical cancer is a huge wellbeing issue for women with roughly 5,28,000 cases and 2,66,000 deaths reported annually worldwide. Globally, cervical cancer includes 12% of all cancers in women and it’s leading gynaecological malignancy within the world. With this view, the present study was planned to find out risk factors of cases of carcinoma of cervix attending tertiary care hospital.
Materials and Method: This was a prospective observational study of carcinoma of cervix carried out at a tertiary care hospital. Informed consent forms were obtained from each patients. Ethical committee clearance was obtained prior to start the study. The study included all diagnosed cases of carcinoma of cervix admitted in Gynaecology ward.
Result: The mean age of the cervical cancer patient was 55.54 years and median age was 57.54 years. The prevalence of carcinoma cervix was 3.75 per 1000 attendees. In the present study, maximum subjects 15 (35.71%) were in the age group of 41-50 years followed by 12 (28.57%) in the age group of 61-70 years. It showed bimodal peak of incidence, 33(89.19%) were Hindus, 30 (71.42%) were illiterate, 25 (59.52%) were grand multiparous, 26 (61.90%) were married at the age less than 16 years and 37 (88.09%) were non immunocompromised.
Conclusion: The risk factors like illiteracy, low socioeconomic status, rural habitat, early marriage, early sexual debut, early child birth, and high parity were prevalent in the population studied. Early detection and treatment of cervical precancerous lesions leads to reduce in cervical cancer morbidity and mortality.
 
Keywords: Risk factors, Cervical cancer, Women, Multiparous