Volume : 4
Issue : 4
Online ISSN : 2394-2754
Print ISSN : 2394-2746
Article First Page : 407
Article End Page : 410
Introduction: Infertility is becoming an increasing concern in both developed and developing countries. However most of the studies mention variable differences in the prevalence of infertility, as it is known to differ from place to place and region to region globally. Semen analysis remains the most basic and simple test for evaluation of male infertility which is also inexpensive and can provide valuable information. Therefore, evaluation of semen parameters may provide an insight into the diagnosis of male infertility.
Objectives: The study was done mainly to assess the risk factors of male infertility and also to identify the contribution of male infertility in infertile couples.
Materials and Method: A prospective study was conducted among 400 couples attending infertility clinic and seminal analysis was conducted among the male partners of the study as per WHO guidelines 2010. The demographic data, risk factors of the male partners with abnormal seminal parameters are collected by interviewing and noted. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS version 10.
Results: Incidence of male infertility in the study was 36% and the most common age group was 26-30 years with mean age of 34± 2.6 years, mean duration of marriage life was 3.8± 2.40 years. 61.11% of cases were exposed to occupational risk factors like driving, baker industry etc. Smoking, varicocele and past H/O urogenital tract infections were considered statistically significant factors in cases of male infertility. Oligozoospermia (50%) followed by Asthenozoospermia (38.9%) were common causes of male infertility.
Discussion: The pattern and causes of male infertility vary from place to place and among different regions. In our study the prevalence of male infertility was 36%. Smoking is known to have negative effects on sperm quantity, quality and morphology. Our findings were in accordance with many studies that showed smoking drastically reduces sperm motility and quality. To conclude, there is an increasing trend of male infertility in India when compared to previous years of studies. Hence studies and measures should be directed towards factors which are causing an alarmingly increasing rise in male infertility and attempts should be directed to control the causes in near future.
Keywords: Male infertility, Oligozoospermia, Asthenozoospermia, Varicocele.