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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Pattern of various congenital anomalies: A hospital based study


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Author Details: Vishal M. Sharma*,Bhavesh B. Airao,Ravi A. Zala,Manish R. Pandya

Volume : 5

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 549

Article End Page : 552


Abstract

Aim of the Study: To know the frequency of different structural congenital anomalies in C.U. Shah medical college and hospital, Surendranagar.
Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, C.U. Shah medical college and hospital, Surendranagar for a period of two year by using ultrasound sonography in second trimester pregnancy, 150 patients who had diagnosed congenital anomalies of fetus were included in this study.
Results: The incidence of congenital anomalies in this study was 2.48% of the total number of fetus and babies born after 12 weeks of gestation in our hospital during a period of two year. Most common anomaly is CNS anomaly (84%) followed by CVS anomaly (11.4%). In craniospinal system most common congenital anomaly is Anencephaly (26%).
Conclusion: In spite of high institutional deliveries in Surendranagar, India, rate of congenital anomalies remains very high. Increased awareness about preventable risk factors may help in decreasing the rate of congenital anomalies.

Keywords: Congenital anomaly, Prevalence.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0123