Contact No: +91-8826373757 | +91-8826859373 | 011-25052216
Email: rakesh.its@gmail.com | editor@innovativepublication.com

Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Study of exposure to second hand smoke in pregnant women and its impact on pulmonary functions and pregnancy outcomes


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details: Alpana Singh,Amit Kumar Verma*,Astha Srivastava,Taruna Sharma,Sundaram

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 11

Article End Page : 14


Abstract

Introduction: Adverse effects of exposure to second hand smoke during pregnancy are associated with decrease in pulmonary functions, small for gestational age babies & preterm delivery. Aim of our study was to observe the pregnancy outcome & pulmonary function tests in pregnant women exposed to second hand smoke (SHS) & in women not exposed to SHS.
Objectives: (1). To observe pulmonary function tests (PFT) in pregnant women exposed to second hand smoke & not exposed to SHS. (2) To observe the pregnancy outcome in both pregnant women exposed & not exposed to second hand smoke (SHS) like preterm delivery, caesarean section and small for gestational age (SGA) neonates.
Materials and Methods: It is a hospital-based prospective case control observational study done at department of obstetrics & gynecology, UCMS & GTB hospital, Delhi from October 2015 to March 2017. Total 204 antenatal women between 6 to 28 weeks of pregnancy were recruited. Out of these, 82 women had exposure to SHS (second hand smoke) & 122 women had no exposure to SHS. Spirometry of these women were done & FEV1, FEV6 & FEV1/FEV6 ratios were obtained. These patients were followed up till delivery for pregnancy outcome & small for gestational age babies.
Results: PFT parameters, FEV1 & FEV6 were reduced in women exposed to SHS as compared to non- exposed women (84.1% vs 64.8% & 73.2 vs 62.3% respectively). Ratio of FEV1/FEV6 (<0>
Conclusion: The study concluded that pregnant women exposed to second hand smoke have many negative effects on their lung functions and pregnancy outcome.

Keywords: Pregnancy, Second hand smoke, Pulmonary function test, Small for gestational age.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-2754.2019.0003