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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Gastric pH and volume change in emergency and elective cesarean section: A randomized trial


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Mohammad Asim Bajwa*

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 181

Article End Page : 184


Abstract

Context: Pregnancy is a condition when a woman suffers numerous changes in the body. These changes can be physical and physiological. There are numerous factors which affect the volume and gastric pH of a pregnant lady. A lady has to bear a number of changes during pregnancy, mainly in her first trimester and after pregnancy. Vomiting is a normal symptom of pregnancy which effects a lady in her first trimester. This badly affects the gastric content and increase in pH as well as volume. In cesarian cases also the digestion is badly affected and anesthesia also plays a major role in distortion of proper gastric functions.
Aim: To compare the gastric pH of the fluid in elective cesarean v/s emergency sections.
Setting and Design: This study is a cross-sectional survey performed in Lahore from September 2009 to June 2010.
Material and Methods: A total number of 150(n= 150) patients were studied and divided into two groups. These patient were with elevated caesarian section and emergency caesarian section. Statical analysis: The results were statistically significant. (p-value < 0>
Result: Patients in emergency cesarean section group had a lower value of gastric pH ranging from (2.16 + 0.64) and higher value of, the volume of gastric acidic (26.33 + 10.59) as compared to that in elective cesarean section group (4.56 + 1.28 and 11.65 + 4.37 respectively).
Conclusion: The study concluded that in emergency and elective caesarian section the level of gastric volume was significantly high whereas the level of gastric pH was low.

Keywords: Gastric pH, Emergency cesareans section gastric fluid volume, Elective cesarean section.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijogr.2019.042