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International Journal of Oral Health Dentistry


Mandibular canine index, palatine rugae pattern and cheiloscopy as a predictor in sex determination: A Comparative Study


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Author Details: Sunita Prashant Kulkarni, Shubhangi Manik Badole, Rashmi Ranjan Wasekar, Farheen Anjum Taqdeer Ullah

Volume : 2

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2395-499X

Print ISSN : 2395-4914

Article First Page : 154

Article End Page : 160


Abstract

Introduction: Role of forensic odontologists is very important in identification of individuals in medico-legal cases and mass disaster calamities. Mandibular canine index, rugoscopy and cheiloscopy can play an important part in individual identification. This study was carried out to evaluate the significance of mandibular canine index, Rugoscopy and Cheiloscopy in sex determination.
Materials and Methods:  A cross sectional study was carried out on 300 subjects, out of which 150 males and 150 females were selected from patients reporting the department of Oral Medicine and Radiology. Impressions of maxillary and mandibular arches were taken. The width of the canine and the intercanine distance were measured with digital vernier calipers, patterns of rugae were noted and impressions of lip prints were taken using lip color from every person.
Results: Mandibular canine index, Rugoscopy and different lip print patterns showed statistical significance in evaluating sex of a particular person.
Conclusion: This study showed that all three methods are reliable for sex determination. However, according to our study cheiloscopy was the better predictor of sex than the mandibular canine indices and palatal rugoscopy. It can be considered as a fairly predictable tool for sex determination in forensic odontology.

Keywords:
Rugoscopy, Cheiloscopy, Mandibular canine index, Gender determination, Forensic odontology