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Indian Journal of Orthopaedics Surgery


A study on AVN cases attending at a tertiary care hospital: Etiological factors and treatment


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Author Details: Hanumantharaya GH, Kamala GR

Volume : 2

Issue :

Online ISSN : 2395-1362

Print ISSN : 2395-1354

Article First Page : 69

Article End Page : 76


Abstract

Introduction: Avascular necrosis is defined as a group of symptoms, dominated by pain, loss of function and bony collapse caused by anoxemia and other deficiency in arterial nutrition of the head of the femur, prolonged enough to result in the marked degeneration, even necrosis of bone.
Methodology: Data collected included: Pre-clinical studies – model of AVN, variety and dosage of SC, histologic and imaging analyses. Clinical studies – study design, classification and etiology of AVN, and treatment protocol.
Results: It was also noticed that 9 hips (28.13) with stage III, 8 hips (25%) with stage II and 2 hips (6.25%) associated with stage I disease. There was one hip (3.13) of Stage V and VI each. This was according to classification by Steinberg et al.
Conclusion: Thus, a focus on early disease management aimed at joint preservation by preventing or delaying progression is key.

Key words:
Avascular necrosis, Femoral head, Treatment