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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Seroprevalence of Malaria among Blood Donors of a Blood Bank Attached To a Tertiary Care Hospital


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Author Details: Keshav.R. Kulkarni, Ashwin .P. Khageshan, Mahesh C. Baragundi

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 70

Article End Page : 72


Abstract

Introduction: A transfusion transmitted infection (TTI) is a virus, parasite, or other potential pathogen that can be transmitted in donated blood through transfusion to a recipient. Transfusion-transmitted malaria occurs at an estimated rate of 0.25 cases per 1 million blood units collected. Transfusion malaria is fairly common in endemic areas. Since there was no data from our geographical area about malaria among blood donors, the present study was conducted to know the seropositivity of malaria among voluntary and replacement blood donors.
Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out in Blood bank of S.N Medical College, Bagalkot from July 2012 to June 2013. Two ml of blood sample was collected in labeled pilot tube at the time of collection of blood from donor tubing of blood bag. Serum was separated. The samples were tested for Malaria by rapid antigen detection test.
Results: Of the total 8187 screened blood donors, four units (0.04%) of the blood units were positive for malaria parasites. All the positive units were from replacement donors.
Conclusions: Our study showed that the seroprevalence of malaria was low and more in replacement donors compared to voluntary donors. These results suggest that voluntary blood donors services are needed. All blood should be tested for TTI with reduction in unnecessary blood transfusion. Thus ensuring safe blood supply to the recipients.

Keyword: Malaria, Transfusion, Blood donor, TTI, Seroprevalence