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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Endometrial Hyperplasia: a 5 - Years Retrospective Study


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Author Details: Mahjabeen Salma, Tazyeen Kouser, Mohammed Abdul Nasar

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 221

Article End Page : 225


Abstract

Background: The Endometrium is constantly engaged in the dynamics of shedding and re-growth during active reproductive life. It is controlled by the rise and fall of pituitary and ovarian hormones. This control is executed by proper timing of hormonal release in both absolute and relative amounts. Alterations in the fine tuning mechanism may result in a spectrum of disturbances and Endometrial Hyperplasia is most important among them.
Objective: To study the histopathology of endometrial hyperplasia.
Methods: The present retrospective study on Endometrial Hyperplasia was undertaken over a period of 5 years. Specimens for the study consisted of Endometrial curetting, fractional Curettage and Hysterectomy specimen with history of abnormal uterine bleeding sent for histopathology examination to the pathology department from Gynecology department. The specimen was received in 10% formation. After adequate fixation bits were taken for tissue processing and H&E staining. Wherever necessary, special stain such as reticulin staining, and PAS were done.
Results: Incidence of Endometrial Hyperplasia found to be more in the 4th decade of life followed by 3rd decade. Majority of the Patients with endometrial Hyperplasia are of para 1. Simple Hyperplasia was most common in 788 (86.21%).
Conclusion: Among the cases of endometrial hyperplasia, simple hyperplasia was the commonest lesion found followed by complex hyperplasia. Most cases were seen in 4th decade.

Key words:
Endometrial hyperplasia, Lesion, cases