Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


A study of patterns of anemia in hospitalized infants at a tertiary care hospital


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Author Details: Shwetha J.H., Ashoka A., Shashikala P.

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 260

Article End Page : 262


Abstract

Introduction: Anemia can negatively affect cognitive development, school performance, physical growth and immunity of the children if not treated during infancy.
Objectives: To determine the pattern of anemia among 6 months – 12 months infants.
Materials and Method: This prospective hospital based study was conducted for a year among the infants aged 6-12months admitted to tertiary care hospital in Davangere. All those who were hospitalized for any other illness but found to have anemia on routine blood investigations were included and complete haemogram was done to determine the type of anemia. Data was entered in excel sheet and analyzed using SPSS- 20 software.
Results: In the present study, 211 infants were anemic, mean age was 8.6 ± 2.4months, majority were females (56.9%), more than half of them had presented with respiratory tract infections and acute gastroenteritis (64%). Mean hemoglobin was 8.54±1.09g/dl. Majority of them had moderate anemia (83%) and microcytic hypochromic anemia was the most common presentation (45%).
Conclusion: To conclude, the Prevalence of anemia was 66% in the present study with microcytic hypochromic anemia being the major cause (44.8%) suggesting iron deficiency as the major culprit for nutritional anemia seen in infants.

Keywords:
Anaemia, Infants, Microcytic Hypochromic, Tertiary Care