Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Testicular fine needle aspiration cytology and biopsy correlation in male Infertility


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Author Details: M. Sridevi, P. Karkuzhali

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 266

Article End Page : 272


Abstract

Introduction: Testicular Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is Simple and minimally traumatic procedure with less number of complications at the same time more sites could be aspirated safely. As well as FNAC could give better morphological details of different stages of spermatogenesis.
Materials and Method: This study was done in 36 infertile men for a one year period to evaluate the cytological features of testicular FNAC and correlate with histological diagnosis, and to correlate various cell indices in different categories of cytological diagnosis.
Results: In the present study, in Cytology, the common diagnosis was found to be Maturation arrest with a corresponding Johnson’s score of 3 to 7 was found to be the most frequent cause of male infertility. The correlation between the FNAC and biopsy was 91.9%. Sertoli cell index was found to be increased in hypospermatogenesis.
Conclusion: The overall accuracy of FNAC in this study was found to be 86% and well correlated with histological diagnosis. Hence testicular FNAC can be used for the diagnosis of male infertility.

Keywords:
Testicular FNAC, Male Infertility, Sperm Count, Sertoli Cell Index, Johnson’s Score