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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Study of transfusion transmitted infections among blood donors in a Tertiary care Hospital in Puducherry


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Author Details: Venkatraman J., K. Bhavani, Jeevitha

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 293

Article End Page : 296


Abstract

Introduction: Transfusion of blood and its components is a life-saving procedure as even a unit of blood can save a patient in need. Though it is said to be a safe procedure as the blood is tested and processed before its use, risk of transmission of infections like HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and malaria are still seen. The present study was done to find out the sero-prevalence of Transfusion transmitted infections among blood donors in one of the tertiary health center in south India.
Materials and Method: A retrospective study was conducted from January 2012 to May 2016 in a blood bank of a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. A total of 8959 blood units which were collected from both voluntary and replacement donors during the study period were included. Complete donor’s demography and screening status for TTI’s were analysed.
Results: Present study included a total cases of 8959 blood donors during study period. Out of these, 258(2.87%) were positive for TTIs. Higher seroprevalence of TTI’s were noted in replacement donors and younger age group between 18 to 30 years.
Conclusion: Following strict donor criteria, adopting sensitive and advanced screening techniques for TTI’s and conducting various awareness programs, it is possible to bring down the sero-positivity of transfusion transmitted infections.

Keywords:
Transfusion Transmitted Infections, HIV, Syphilis, HBV, HCV