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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Prevalence of blood transmitted infections among the blood donors: A study in a tertiary care unit in Telangana


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Author Details: Sujatha Margam, Kruthika Margam, Priya, Hari Shankar

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 324

Article End Page : 327


Abstract

Introduction: Diseases that can be caused through transfusion are by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Malarial parasites and Treponema pallidum. All blood samples must be routinely checked for all the above diseases. This study was undertaken to study the prevalence of these transfusion transmitted infections in our geographical area among the voluntary and replacement blood donors.
Materials and Method: The sera of all the donors were tested for antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2, HBsAg, HCV, for syphilis and malaria parasites. MP were also detected by regular microscopy method.
Results: The male gender was predominant (98%) among the blood donors, whether voluntary or replacement. About 0.036% of the total samples had transfusible transmitted diseases. HBsAg was the most common with 0.02% samples being positive while malaria was the least with only 4 samples in the past 4 years. In the year 2015, there were no cases of malaria among the blood donors. HIV was 0.007% and HCV 0.003%.
Conclusion: Availability of safe blood is important in transfusion for the patient as well the community. This is obtained by regular screening of the blood donated before transfusion for these transfusible diseases.

Keywords:
Transfusion Transmitted Diseases, Voluntary Blood Donors, Replacement Blood Donors, Prevalence