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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Clinicopathological study of basal cell carcinoma over a period of nine years- from Uttar Pradesh


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Author Details: Shweta Grover, Rani Bansal

Volume : 5

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 208

Article End Page : 211


Abstract

Introduction: Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer and occurs mostly in the head and neck region in middle age to elderly people. It has varied clinical presentation and also many morphologic/histopathologic subtypes.
Aim of the Study: To study the spectrum of basal cell carcinomas in our institute over a nine year period.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study carried out at Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, over a period of nine years. All the basal cell carcinomas reported during this period were studied for clinical presentation, demographic details, anatomical location of tumor, macroscopic and microscopic appearance.
Results: A total of 28 cases of BCC were reported. The patient age ranged from 14 to 85 years and the male to female ratio was 2.1:1. Most of the cases occurred over 40 years and all the tumors occurred in the facial region. Clinically, ulcerative and nodular presentation was more common. One case of nevoid BCC syndrome was also seen.
Conclusion: Basal cell carcinoma commonly occurs in the face region and its incidence increases with advancing age. It has varied clinical presentations and histologic subtypes. Early diagnosis gives better prognosis. Basal cell carcinoma in a young person or child should be evaluated for nevoid BCC syndrome.

Keywords: Basal cell carcinoma, Histologic subtypes of BCC, Nevoid BCC syndrome.

Doi No:-10.18231/2394-6792.2018.0039