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Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Migraine: Diagnosis and Prophylactic Management


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Author Details: Majid Farooq, Anshu Gupta, Manoj Goyal, Rani Walia

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2393-9087

Print ISSN : 2393-9079

Article First Page : 33

Article End Page : 38


Abstract

Migraine is the most common type of vascular headache characterized by recurrent attacks of headache, which typically lasts for 4 to 72 hours. Recurrent attacks of migraine affect the patients’ quality of life, social activities and family life. Migraine is recognized as a major cause of disability worldwide. Migraine was cited as the 19th leading cause of years lived with disability (YLD) among both males and females of all ages combined and the 12th leading cause of years lived with disability among females of all ages. The management of migraine may include non-pharmacological and/ or pharmacological treatment. The pharmacological treatment of migraine can be acute (abortive) or preventive, and patients with frequent severe headaches often require both approaches. Preventive migraine treatment also includes non-pharmacological therapy. Preventive treatment is used to reduce the frequency, duration or severity of attacks. Additional benefits include improvement of responsiveness to acute attack treatment, improvement of function and reduction in disability. It might preclude the progression of episodic migraine to chronic migraine and result in reductions in the cost of healthcare.

Keywords:
Migraine, Non-pharmacological treatment, Prophylactic management, Pharmacological treatment