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Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Pattern of Antibiotic prescription in Urinary tract Infection


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Author Details: Harish Naik, Anupama Devi, Sudha Mj

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2393-9087

Print ISSN : 2393-9079

Article First Page : 59

Article End Page : 62


Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very commonly noted entity in clinical practice. UTI is defined as the presence of bacteria in urine along with symptoms of infection. Antimicrobials are used commonly for urinary tract infection. But if they are used irrationally then it increase chances of resistance of bacteria as well as increase in duration of morbidity and total cost of therapy. This study was conducted to see the antibiotics utilization pattern.
Material and Methods: Case sheets diagnosed with UTI were collected from medical records department (MRD). The demographic data and prescription pattern of each case sheet were evaluated. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis using Microsoft excel.
Result: Out of 47 cases studied all were females. The age of the patient in the present study ranged from 20 - 88 years. Out of the 47, 15 were pregnant women. Culture and sensitivity was done in only 3 (6.38%) cases of UTI and Ecoli was isolated in two patients and in one was sterile. Out of the total case records analyzed, antibiotics were not prescribed in 3 (6.39%) cases. Rest received antibiotics (93.61%). The World Health Organization (WHO) indicators (utilization in defined daily doses (DDD); DDD/1000inhibitant/day) were used and the ATC/DDD method was implemented.
Conclusion: The DDD/1000inhabitant/day of ceftriaxone was the highest (7.74), followed by cefotaxime (3.7). All the pregnant women received 3rd generation cephalosporin’s, which can be safely used during pregnancy