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The Journal of Community Health Management


Health and well-being of nurses in hospitals in Bangalore


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Author Details: Sunitha Mathai, Harold Andrew Patrick

Volume : 3

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2738

Print ISSN : 2394-272X

Article First Page : 138

Article End Page : 143


Abstract

Background: To identify health related quality of Life (HqOL) of nurses working across three major types of hospitals in Bangalore namely- trust, government and private hospitals. The role of nurses is to provide social and emotional support and care to the hospitalized patients. Investigating the health and well-being of the nursing personnel helps us in understanding the effect of their occupation and surrounding on their health and well-being.
Materials & Method: A cross-sectional field survey was conducted by administering the health related QoL (SF-12v2) questionnaire to nurses working in three types of hospitals. The survey had a random sample of healthy nurses (n=115) participating between the age group of 21-50 years. The nurses were met personally in small groups to assign the questionnaire and gather data information. The scale consists of 12 items with varied option for each statement and numbering ranging from 1-5. The final output calculates the health and well-being of the respondents among the three groups.
Result: Mental health and well-being of nurses indicated a below average score for Trust and Private hospital that was significantly lower than the Government hospital nurses. While the physical health and well-being was below average not found significant for all the three types of hospital, indicating that the impact to mental well-being (P<0.01) was greater for nurses.
Conclusion: Hospital administrators and healthcare consultants must plan better work environment to improve the health of nurses and thus enhance their productivity.

Keywords: Type of hospital, Nursing professionals, Health and well-being, Healthcare, SF-12v2 questionnaire