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The Journal of Community Health Management


BEHAVIOURAL RISK FACTORS AND HYPERTENSION AMONG 40 YEARS AND ABOVE AGE GROUP IN URBAN VARANASI


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Author Details: Priya Keshari, Hari Shankar

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2738

Print ISSN : 2394-272X

Article First Page : 17

Article End Page : 21


Abstract

Hypertension has emerged as the most prevalent silent killer and serious public health issue. It is recognized to be disease which is consequence of poor dietary habits and lack of physical activity. Hence this study is attempted to know the risk factors that may cause of high blood pressure. Objective: To assess the behavioural risk factors related to hypertension. Material and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted and 155 study subjects > 40 years of age group were screened. Structured schedule was used for data collection. Two independent BP readings were taken in sitting position by visiting each participant at their home. Percentage, proportion and chi square test were applied to find out statistical significance. Result: The overall prevalence of hypertension was found 24.5% while out of 155 respondents 25.4% male and 23.8% female were found to be hypertensive.31.2% hypertensive were aged 60 years and above.27.3% hypertensive subjects were belonged upper class. Subjects chewing any type of tobacco found to be more (27.3%) hypertensive. Subjects with high BMI (23.7%) obese were found hypertensive. Conclusion: Present study concluded that physical activity with hypertension was found to be statistically significant. Increased trend of hypertension with increasing age was observed but it was statistically not significant.


Keywords: Hypertension, Risk factors, Age, BMI, Chewing smokeless tobacco, Physical activity.