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The Journal of Community Health Management


Systemic Hypertension and Pre-hypertension among school going adolescents: A cross-sectional study


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Author Details: Sonal R. Deshpande, Pragati G. Rathod, Sharad Mankar, Uday Narlawar, Suresh Ughade

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2738

Print ISSN : 2394-272X

Article First Page : 18

Article End Page : 23


Abstract

Introduction: Essential hypertension in adults has its onset in childhood. Early detection of hypertension is important to initiate appropriate measures. Present study was planned to estimate the prevalence of systemic hypertension and pre-hypertension amongst school going adolescents and to study some epidemiological factors.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried at a school in Nagpur among 871 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years during September 2014 to March 2015. Demographic information, family history of hypertension, dietary history and history of physical activity were collected using pre-designed proforma. Height, weight and BP measurements were taken using standard techniques. BMI was calculated.
Results: Out of 871 adolescents, 462 (53.05%) were males. Mean age was 13.86+2.2 (10–18) years. Prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension was 10.10% and 8.27% respectively. Prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension increased with increasing age. Overweight and obesity was found to be the most important factor related with pre-hypertension & hypertension. Other factors which were significantly related with pre-hypertension and hypertension were family history of hypertension, junk food consumption more than three times a week, inadequate physical activity & higher socioeconomic status. Significant difference was not found with respect to factors like gender, added salt consumption and inadequate consumption of fruit and vegetable.
Conclusion: High prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension is found amongst school going adolescents. Prevalence increased with increasing age. Overweight and obesity, inadequate physical activity, higher socio-economic status, consumption of junk food and family history of hypertension are found to be significantly related with pre-hypertension and hypertension.

Keywords:
Systemic Hypertension, Pre-Hypertension, Adolescent