Volume : 4
Issue : 3
Online ISSN : 2394-2738
Print ISSN : 2394-272X
Article First Page : 100
Article End Page : 105
Introduction: India is a diversified country with a blend of people living in urban, rural and tribal areas. The dietary habits of tribals are distinct from rest of the people. Various research studies on tribal population revealed that their diets are nutritionally deficient.
Materials and Method: It is a population based Cross-sectional survey conducted in ITDA Paderu division of Visakhapatnam district among 225 tribal women in the age group of 15-49 years during the period from April to October 2014. Data was collected using two formats 1) food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) 2) 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire. MS Excel 2007, SPSS trail version-21 and Dietsoft software’s were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Rice is the most common staple food and Ambali is the most common breakfast. Top five foods providing energy to the women were Rice, Ambali, Vegetables, Tea with Milk and Dal. The Mean Calorie intake of energy by tribal women was 1931 Kcal per day. Average consumption of Carbohydrates per each day was 367.14 gm and it accounts for 76.6% of total energy consumption. Protein intake was 49.83 gm and it was equal to 10.5% of total energy and fat consumption was 27.67 gm and it accounts for 12.9% of total energy.
Conclusions: One third of women were consuming less than 80% RDA of energy i.e., 1784 Kcal per day and two fifths of women were consuming protein less than 80% RDA i.e., 44 grams per day. It indicates the need of nutritional education to avoid taboos and improve health.
Keywords: Andhra Pradesh, Dietary Habits, Food frequency questionnaire, Nutritional status, Tribal women