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The Journal of Community Health Management


A study on knowledge and practices regarding mosquito borne diseases


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Author Details: JS Poyyamozhi

Volume : 4

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2738

Print ISSN : 2394-272X

Article First Page : 106

Article End Page : 108


Abstract

Introduction: Vector borne diseases are prevalent all over the world, especially in tropical regions. In India mosquito borne diseases such as malaria and dengue are in steep rise. Community participation plays an important role in controlling the transmission of mosquito borne diseases. Community participation depends on public awareness and knowl­edge towards the diseases and their prevention. Therefore, the present study aimed at determining the knowledge regarding mosquito borne diseases, current mosquito control practices among rural population.
Materials and Method: The present questionnaire based cross sectional study was carried out in Thuvakudi government hospital. Study period was for three months (October 2016 to December 2016). Participants were either patients or family members of patients waiting to be seen by a health care official. Data was collected from total 329 people on the basis of systemic random sampling.
Results: 329 subjects were included in the study. Most of the study participants were aware of malaria (88.4%) followed by dengue (59.5%) and chickungunya (15.0%). Majority of participants in our study consider dirty stagnant water (47.3%) is the place where mosquitoes breed. 6.2% are not aware of mosquito breeding sites. 16.3% participants considered garbage is the place for mosquito breeding. Liquid vaporizers (40.1%) were found to be the most commonly used method followed by coils/mats (36.6%).
Conclusion: Knowledge towards mosquito borne diseases was good with respect to malaria followed by dengue. Knowledge regarding mosquito breeding places was also good, but few participants believe garbage as one of the places of mosquito breeding. All the participants in our study are taking any one of the preventive measures against mosquitoes.

Keywords:
Mosquito borne diseases, Malaria, Dengue