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Journal of Dental Specialities


Prevalence of periodontal disease in rural population of Raigad district of Maharashtra: A cross-sectional study


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Author Details: Sujeet Khiste, Bharat Gupta, Nikita Ramachandran, Nikita Ranade, Aalia Patrawala, Saniyah Shaikh, Bh

Volume : 5

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2393-9834

Print ISSN : 2320-7302

Article First Page : 119

Article End Page : 121


Abstract

Introduction: Periodontal disease is a multi-factorial condition that has been predominantly seen in areas where dental health care facilities are limited. Rural areas in Maharashtra are currently deprived of adequate dental care facilities.
Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of periodontal disease in the rural population of Raigad district of Maharashtra state in India.
Materials and Method: 400 subjects from Raigad district were randomly examined for prevalence of periodontal disease. Subjects were divided into following groups: 15-24 years, 25-44 years, 45-64 and 65-74 years. CPI score for the selected individuals were recorded and the data was analyzed.
Results: It was observed that as the age increased, the CPI score also increased. While CPI score 2 (calculus) was most predominant in age groups 15-24 years, CPI score 3 (pathological pocket of 4-5 mm) was more common in the age groups 25-44 years &45-64 years. CPI score 4 (pathological pocket of >6 mm) was the highest in age groups 65-74 years.
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of periodontitis in the selected population. The severity of periodontitis was seen to increase with increase in age.

Keywords: Periodontitis, Loss of attachment, CPI, Periodontal pocket