Sustainable urban systems and economic development
As per the 2001 Census results (Provisional), 285 million out of 1027 million persons lived in urban areas. In other words, slightly more than one-fourth of India's total population was enumerated in urban areas. When compared with the urban population projections made by the Experts Committee on Population Projections appointed by the Planning Commission (1987), enumerated urban population and level of urbanisation are on the lower side. This slackening of urbanisation process noticed during the last decade has posed some serious questions to the scholars studying this phenomenon. It has been contended that this could be due to a decline in natural growth rate and rate of immigration.
The paper gives a brief account of historical perspective of Indian urbanization and its trends in contemporary scenario. It analyses various components of urbanization and the favourable as well as unfavourable consequences.
The paper tries to analyze and infer the relationship of urbanisation with various economic variables like per capita income, rate of employment and Percentage of Population below Poverty Line and understand its impact upon those variables. It also analyzes and makes inferences on the relationship between urbanisation and human development index and understands its implications. Finally, the paper draws conclusions on sustainable urban systems. Effect of urbanisation with each variable has been weighed and findings are drawn. The methodology adopted for this paper is review of literature.
Key words: Urbanisation, Human Development Index, Census, Poverty line, Immigration