Volume : 3
Issue : 3
Online ISSN : 2395-6194
Print ISSN : 2395-6186
Article First Page : 130
Article End Page : 135
Objective: This research article aims at age and sex related changes in styloid process. This study also helps in determination of age and sex on the basis of length of styloid process.
Materials and Method: The orthopantomograms of 200 subjects were taken from planmeca promax-dimax4 OPG machine at 66 Kvp, 8mA and exposure time 16 sec. All the measurements are done on digital orthopantomograms using planmeca Romexis 3.2.0R software. The measurements of the styloid process will be subjected to discriminant function analysis.
Results: The study samples consists of 200 study subjects aged between 9 and 77 years with a mean age of 39.11±16.648 years. The t test showed no significance (p>0.05) in the length of styloid process in either side of male and female. The one way ANOVA test showed that length of right styloid process is statistically significant (p<0.05) and slightly higher in 36 to 50 years of age group. However, length of Left styloid process were not differed (p>0.05) between the age groups i.e. found to be statistically the same. The Pearson correlation coefficient (r) shows no obvious significant correlation between age of study subjects with length of left styloid process however length of right styloid process were directly associated with age and demonstrate a significant positive relation.
Conclusion: Dentists should recognize the existence of morphological variation in calcified stylohyoid complexes, especially in length apparent on panoramic radiographs. The present research paper concludes that the length of styloid process can be used as morphometric tool in determination of age and sex of a particular individual having gender identification and age issues.
Keywords: Styloid process, Forensic odontology, Panoramic Radiograph