Journal of Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology


A prospective double blind clinical comparative study of extraction socket healing in patients with type 2 diabetes on oral hypoglycemic drugs


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Author Details: Hemanth Kumar HR, Vinuta Hegde

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2395-6194

Print ISSN : 2395-6186

Article First Page : 197

Article End Page : 201


Abstract

Aim: The present study aims to assess the factors involved in delayed tooth extraction socket healing in healthy and Type 2 diabetes on oral hypoglycemic agents.
Materials &Methods: Patients requiring dental extraction upon referral were included in the study prospectively, grouped accordingly into Type 2 diabetes (Group 1) and Healthy (Group 2) based on medical history. Random Blood Glucose Levels (BGL) was noted for all the patients, dental extractions were performed under local anesthesia. Factors causing delay in wound healing were tabulated, evaluated statistically and risk factors were noted.
Results: There were 30 participants with Type 2 diabetes on oral hypoglycemic medication (random blood glucose between136-178 mg/dl) and 30 non-diabetics (random blood glucose between66-138 mg/dl), diabetics group were older in age as compared to non-diabetics. Statistical significance was not seen in diabetics and smokers for delayed wound healing
Conclusion: This study highlighted that there was similar healing between Type 2 diabetics on hypoglycemics and healthy group.

Keywords: Diabetes, Delayed healing, tooth extraction.