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Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences


Challenges in accessing appropriate contraception among students in Zimbabwe State Universities


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Author Details: Evans Chazireni, Hazel Chidzawo

Volume : 5

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2320-1924

Print ISSN :

Article First Page : 37

Article End Page : 41


Abstract

This study is concerned with analysis of challenges faced by Zimbabwe state university students in accessing appropriate contraception. Currently, university students in Zimbabwe face a number of challenges in accessing appropriate contraceptives. Three hundred (300) survey questionnaires were distributed to both female and male students at Zimbabwean state universities for data gathering. Thirty three (33) questionnaires were distributed and completed at eight state universities while thirty six (36) were completed at the University of Zimbabwe (the biggest university in the country). It emerged from the study that there are quite a number of factors that inhibit access to desired contraceptive methods by the students in Zimbabwe. Determinants of choice of contraceptives used by university students in Zimbabwe and perceptions and attitudes of the students towards accessing of contraception were also assessed. This study reveals that these challenges range from the side effects of the contraceptives, costs of contraceptives, loss of sexual pleasure, lack of knowledge, shortage of the contraceptives, limited confidentiality by service providers, male dominance, religion and community perception. A number of recommendations were finally suggested in order to address the challenges experienced by the students in accessing inappropriate contraceptives.

Key Words: Contraception, Students, Condom, Unmet need, Zimbabwe and Family planning