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Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences


Prevalence of hypothyroidism in antenatal women attending OPD at Gandhi Hospital


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Author Details: Shobha G., Rajeswari. B, Srividya. R

Volume : 5

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2348-7682

Print ISSN : 2249-8176

Article First Page : 150

Article End Page : 152


Abstract

The present study was carried out to study the prevalence of hypothyroidism in antenatal women attending OBG department of Gandhi Hospital and to detect prevalence in relation to age, parity, body mass index, socio-economic status. In this prospective study, 400 antenatal women attending OPD from period of conception to 26 weeks of pregnancy were included in this study. Patients tested for fasting levels of TSH, patients with deranged TSH FT3, FT4 levels were checked. In the 400 antenatal women 90 were found to have hypothyroidism, remaining were euthyroid, prevalence of hypothyroid 22.5%. We concluded that the prevalence of hypothyroid is 22.5%. Maternal complications like preeclampsia (17.7%), abruption (66%), and abortion (11.1%) were observed. Significant adverse effects on maternal outcome were seen emphasizing the importance of routine antenatal thyroid screening.

Keywords:
Hypothyroidism, Pregnancy, Preeclamsia