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Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences


Depression: An epidemiological correlate of diabetes mellitus


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Author Details: Mohan Pandurang Joshi, Ausvi M Samina

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2348-7682

Print ISSN : 2249-8176

Article First Page : 74

Article End Page : 78


Abstract

India leads the world with largest number of diabetic subjects earning the dubious distinction of being termed as “Diabetic Capital of the world.” The prevalence of depression among diabetics is 15-20% which is three times as compared to general population. Studies have identified depression as an independent risk factor for Type II Diabetes with relative risk of developing diabetes ranging from 1.3 to 3.0. This study was carried out to study the prevalence of Diabetes mellitus in age group above 20 years in an urban slum area and to study depression as an epidemiological correlate of Diabetes Mellitus. The cross-sectional study was conducted at urban slum area of central India in adults aged 20 years and above. Diabetes was diagnosed using WHO criteria 2006. The OGTT was performed using 75 gm of glucose. Depression was assessed by administering PHQ-9 scale, a self-report Hindi version. In present study, it was found that prevalence of Diabetes as 12.75% and among incident diabetics, 2.32% had moderately severe depression, 30.23% had moderate depression and 46.51% minor depression according to PHQ-9 Scale. When depression was assessed, it was almost present in(79.06%) subjects with Diabetes Mellitus, mild depression being the commonest (46.5%). The present study identified depression (P value -0.002) as the independent risk factors for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. The present study identified depression as the independent risk factor for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Keywords:
Diabetes Mellitus, Depression, PHQ-9 Scale, Prevalence