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Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences


Lifestyle disease risk behaviour among Medical Students in Central India


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Author Details: Meenal Vinay Kulkarni

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2348-7682

Print ISSN : 2249-8176

Article First Page : 92

Article End Page : 95


Abstract

Lifestyle related disease risk factors are mainly implicated for increased burden of cardio-vascular diseases. The risk factors are increasing among adolescent and adult population. As medical students are future physicians, it is essential to assess lifestyle disease risk behaviour among these students. So this study is carried out to find out lifestyle disease risk behaviour related to nutrition, exercise, smoking, alcoholism, sleep etc. among students in a medical college and to find out association between sex of student and risk behaviour. A cross sectional study was conducted among 120 medical college students using a predesigned pretested self-administered questionnaire. Questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic data and detailed information related to lifestyle disease risk behaviour. Only 9.62% students reported consumption of adequate intake of fruits. Frequent consumption of fast food and carbonated drinks was reported by 41.67% and 26.67% medical students. 67% students were not doing regular exercise and 58% were not involved in sports activity. 35% students were spending more than 2 hours in sedentary activity. 15% students were smokers and 23.33% were alcoholic. More than 45% students had duration of sleep less than 8 hours and irregular pattern of sleep. Involvement in sports and physical activity was found less among female students while smoking and alcoholism was common among male students. It was found to be statistically significant. Unhealthy lifestyle disease risk behaviour is prevalent among medical students. Health education sessions should be conducted and students should be motivated to adapt healthy lifestyle practices.

Keywords:
Lifestyle disease, Risk behaviour, Nutrition, Physical activity, Habits