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Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences


Metabolic Syndrome and its correlates in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


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Author Details: Shilpa Aniruddha Deoke, Raveendra Madhav Kshirsagar

Volume : 6

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2348-7682

Print ISSN : 2249-8176

Article First Page : 138

Article End Page : 141


Abstract

Insulin resistance and/or diabetes are an integral component of metabolic syndrome. Diabetes with metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Concurrence of the two poses an increased risk of diabetic microvascular complications; though few studies have not shown a positive correlation. Hence the study was carried out to investigate the association between the two entities. This hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out at a tertiary care centre. Consecutive type 2Diabetics meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Detail history, clinical examination (anthropometry, screening for diabetic complications) and laboratorial investigations were done in all study subjects. Data was analyzed using Chi square and student’s ‘t’ test. Total 59 type 2 Diabetic subjects were included in the study. 86.44% patients had metabolic syndrome. Significantly more patients with MS had coronary heart disease (p=0.0011), whereas the microvascular complications were not significantly different in the two groups (p>0.05). 86.44% diabetic subjects amongst the study group had MS. Presence of MS in type 2diabetes is a risk indicator of coronary heart disease. Chronic microvascular complications occur in diabetics irrespective of the presence of MS.

Keywords
: Type 2 Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, Complications