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Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences


Pattern of menstrual morbidities and the associated socio-demographic factors among adolescent girls in a rural area of Nagpur


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Author Details: Dibyanshu Singh, N.B. Kasturwar

Volume : 7

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2348-7682

Print ISSN : 2249-8176

Article First Page : 77

Article End Page : 82


Abstract

India is home to 243 million adolescents, nearly one fifth of its total population. Females constitute an important proportion of the population; therefore their health needs are of equal importance. One of the major issues regarding the menstrual morbidities is that it has been neglected since long, in spite of it involving a good proportion of adolescent girls. A community based cross sectional study was carried out in the field practice area of rural health centre under the administrative control of department of Community Medicine of a tertiary care hospital. The sampling technique used was systematic random sampling. A pre-designed and pre- tested questionnaire including both open and close ended questions was used. The girls were asked for their age, religion, education and type of family, age at menarche, rhythm, frequency, and duration of the menstrual cycle. Out of the total 600 adolescent girls, 270 adolescent girls suffered from at least one of the menstrual morbidities giving a prevalence of 45%. The various morbidities were found to be as; dysmenorrhoeain 126 (21%), oligomenorrhoea in 78 (13%), menorrhagia in 42 (7%), polymenorrhoea in 18 (3%) and hypomenorrhoea in 96 (16 %) of the girls respectively. The association of age of the girl, education of the girl, education of mother, with menstrual morbidity was found to be statistically significant.

Keywords:
Adolescent girls, Menstrual morbidities, Socio-demographic factors.

Doi No:-10.18231