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Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences


To assess the prevalence of malnutrition among the children of age group of 0 - 5 years in the rural area of Vidarbha region


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Author Details: Amrapali Gajbhiye*,Gajanan Vellhal,Mery Mathew,Meenakhi Girish

Volume : 8

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2348-7682

Print ISSN : 2249-8176

Article First Page : 88

Article End Page : 92


Abstract

The problems of malnutrition among under-five children can be used to determine the need for nutritional surveillance, nutritional care, or appropriate nutritional intervention programmes in a community. The present study was planned to assess prevalence of malnutrition in children of the age group of 0 to 5 years. A village based study was carried out to assess prevalence of malnutrition among under-five children at the rural area of Katol. Data was collected by interview schedule for collection of socio-demographic and physical examination format for assessing malnutrition status from January 2016 to April 2016. A child’s detailed history, sex and weight were recorded and length/height were measured using standard technique. The height and weight were plotted on WHO centiles curves. The malnutrition was graded according to WHO classification. Data analysis was done by using WHO Anthro and SPSS software. Total study subjects age group 0-5yrs. 310 study subjects were in study group and 320 study subjects in control group. As per WHO classification of protein energy malnutrition, 75/320(23.43%) from control group and 59/310 (19, 03%) from study group study subjects were in normal range Significantly higher number no children from study group 80.96% (251/310) showed malnutrition by applying any of the anthropometric parameter than that in control group 76.56% (245/320) (?2- value=13.43, p-value=0.0038). In conclusion, high percentage of malnutrition was found in under five children in male children.

Keywords: Malnutrition, Children, WHO, Rural.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2348-7682.2018.0020